Nipah Virus : Nipah virus helpline – Nipah virus infection is a zoonosis that can cause various diseases to humans as well as animals.
The carriers of Nipah virus are fruits bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus, as per WHO.
How does it Spread ? Direct contact with infected pigs, other infected animals, or through contaminated fruits (half-eaten fruits left by fruit bats), and even direct contact with sick persons have been cited as the underlying cause of outbreaks according to a report in the Indian Journal of Virology.
Symptom – After exposure and an incubation period of 5 to 14 days,illness presents with 3-14 days of fever and headache, followed by drowsiness, disorientation and mental confusion. These signs and symptoms can progress to coma within 24-48 hours. Some patients have a respiratory illness during the early part of their infections, and half of the patients showing severe neurological signs showed also pulmonary signs.
Treatment : Nipah virus helpline – There is no vaccine or medicine for the disease and only form of treatment is supportive medicines and palliative care.
Allopathy may have chances.
Up to March 31, 2012 a total of 209 human cases of NiV infection in Bangladesh were reported; 161 (77%) of them died.
- Avoid going to the dwelling places of bats. For example caves and wells. Stay away from bats as much as possible.
- Be careful while consuming fruits and vegetables which come from that area. Avoid drinking palm sap in these places. If you wish to drink it, boil it once so that the virus is removed.
- Keep a physical barrier around while rearing animals like piglets. A physical barrier could be a net or a face mask. This can prevent you from making any direct contact with the animal.
- While rearing animals, make sure that you keep the bats away from the rest. Since bats are the primary carrier or this infection, bats must not be allowed to come near the other animals. Create a physical barrier so that bats cannot enter the place where other animals are kept.
- Humans must be careful about going near the infected patient. No form of physical contact must be made with the patient. Only the people who are taking care of the patient must go.
- People who are taking care of the patient must use proper personal protection devices. They must wear proper masks, gloves, glasses to avoid any form of contact with the patient. Nipah spreads easily with direct contact.
- The patient must keep themselves hydrated.
- Every fruit or vegetable which is to be consumed should be washed and cleaned properly so as to ensure that it does not have any trace of bat dropping or feces on it.
The outbreak of a newly emerging virus called “NIPAH VIRUS” is terrifying in India and especially the state of Kerala. There have been 10 deaths reported due to this deadly virus. What is the Nipah virus? Why is it considered to be “deadly”? How does it enter the human body? Is it the first time in India that Nipah virus has attacked so many lives? There are many such questions which strike our mind when we come across the word “Nipah virus”, come let’s try to demystify the mysterically deadly virus- NIPAH.
The first Nipah virus was reported in Malaysia when it caused an inflammation and fever in the brain of pig farmers, in the year 1998. Later, in 2001, it was detected in West Bengal, India also. Again in 2004, it spread to Bangladesh and infected many people there due to consumption of date palm sap that was infected by these fruit bats. Doctors, medical experts, and researchers are trying their best to beat this virus. Till now it has affected Malaysia, India, and Bangladesh, but the source has been the same. The scary Nipah Virus is a type of viral borne zoonotic disease in which the viruses and infections of an animal get transmitted to humans. However, it can be transmitted from a human to human as well. The virus affects the brain of a person and the person starts feeling weak and low.
Nipah Virus Symptoms : Nipah virus helpline
Experts say that Nipah virus is an airborne transmission infection and can affect those who come in direct contact with contaminated bodies. NiV infection in humans has a range of clinical symptoms, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis. NiV is also capable of causing diseases in pigs and other domestic animals.
The prominent Symptoms of NIV include :
- High fever
- A headache.
- Encephalitis (swelling of the brain)
- Severe Stomachache
- Sudden fever
- Severe headaches
- Muscle pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Breathing problems
- Respiratory illness
- Neck rigidity
- Confusion, panic, and disorientation
- Symptoms may last for around 10 to 12 days
- After that, the infected may get unconscious
- The inflammation of brain leads to coma
- Further, as the brain fever progresses, it may lead to death during its final stage.
In initial stages of the disease respiratory problems are also observed. Patients admitted with severe neurological problems also reported pulmonary (heart-related) diseases later. If this is not taken care of these symptoms can cause patients slipping into the coma in 2-4 days.
Lots of false information and unnecessary panic is spreading through social media. It’s better not to entertain them. Go with the reputed source
State Police chief Loknath Behra has instructed the cyber police to file cases against people spreading false news about Nipah virus. P S Rajashekaran, Deputy Director, Police Information Centre, Thiruvanathapuram explains that the group admins of Whatsapp should scrutinise the information dispersed in their groups. Also, every individual has to take a personal responsibility to verify the authenticity and social implication of the messages before passing them on. “There was a social media post saying that there are travel restrictions in Kerala. This is completely false. There is no advisory to curb travel. Kerala is perfectly safe. All we have asked is to take precautions. Strict action will be taken against those sharing or posting such messages. Kerala Police has started the enquiry and cases will be filed under IT Act and IPC,” he says.
A 24-hour control room has been opened at District Medical Office, Kozhikode. 24-hour control room number: 0495 2376063
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